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  • How to configure SNMPv3 users with same name but different passphrases?
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If a SNMPv3 security name is used by different agents (comand responders), it is necessary to localize the keys (passphrases) per agent. Key localization needs the authoritative engine ID of the target agent for the computation of the localized keys.

If agents do not use static engine IDs (which is not conforming to the SNMPv3 standard), this approach is not feasible because the engine ID might have changed between computation. In this case, a separate USM instance is required for each such agent.

The code snippets below illustrate these two approaches:

Key Localization

OctetString sharedUserName = new OctetString("sharedUser");
Target[] targets = <some SNMPv3 SecureTarget instances>
DefaultUdpTransportMapping transport = new DefaultUdpTransportMapping();
Snmp snmp = new Snmp(transport);
snmp.listen();

// discover engine IDs and add localized users
SecurityProtocols secProtocols = SecurityProtocols.getInstance();
for (int i=0; i<targets.length; i++) {
  Target t = targets[i];
  byte[] engineID = snmp.discoverAuthoritativeEngineID(t.getAddress(), t.getTimeout());
  OctetString authKey = new OctetString("md5Passphrase");
  authKey = securityProtocols.passwordToKey(AuthMD5.getID(), authKey, engineID.getValue());
  OctetString privKey = new OctetString("desPassphrase");
  privKey = securityProtocols.passwordToKey(PrivDES.getID(), AuthMD5.getID(), privKey, egineID.getValue());
  snmp.getUSM().addLocalizedUser(engineID, sharedUserName,
    AuthMD5.getID(), authKey,
    PrivDES.getID(), privKey);
}

USM Separation


SecurityProtocols.getInstance().addDefaultProtocols();

DefaultUdpTransportMapping transportCluster1 = 
  new DefaultUdpTransportMapping(new UdpAddress("0.0.0.0/0"));
DefaultUdpTransportMapping transportCluster2 = 
  new DefaultUdpTransportMapping(new UdpAddress("0.0.0.0/0"));

MessageDispatcher dispCluster1 = new MessageDispatcherImpl();
MessageDispatcher dispCluster2 = new MessageDispatcherImpl();

Snmp snmpCluster1 = new Snmp(dispCluster1, transportCluster1);
Snmp snmpCluster2 = new Snmp(dispCluster2, transportCluster1);

dispCluster1.addMessageProcessingModel(new MPv1());
dispCluster2.addMessageProcessingModel(new MPv2c());
localEngineID1 = new OctetString(
        MPv3.createLocalEngineID(new OctetString("Cluster1"+
                                                 System.currentTimeMillis())));
localEngineID2 = new OctetString(
        MPv3.createLocalEngineID(new OctetString("Cluster2"+
                                                 System.currentTimeMillis())));

USM usmCluster1 = new USM(SecurityProtocols.getInstance(), localEngineID1, 0);
USM usmCluster2 = new USM(SecurityProtocols.getInstance(), localEngineID2, 0);

dispCluster1.addMessageProcessingModel(new MPv3(usmCluster1));
dispCluster2.addMessageProcessingModel(new MPv3(usmCluster2));

snmpCluster1.getUSM().addUser(sharedUserName,
    AuthMD5.getID(), new OctetString("md5Passphrase"),
    PrivDES.getID(), new OctetString("desPassphrase"));
snmpCluster2.getUSM().addUser(sharedUserName,
    AuthMD5.getID(), new OctetString("md5Passphrase"),
    PrivDES.getID(), new OctetString("desPassphrase"));

transportCluster1.listen();
transportCluster2.listen();
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